JLPT N5 Grammar Lists | Japanese Language

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JLPT N5 Grammar Lists | Japanese Language. These lists are prepared for japanese language students from various resources. Old and New resources. Try to learn and practice as much as possible. Sources of lists are provided at bottom of article.



JLPT N5 GRAMMAR LISTS. Part 1

Grammer/Grammer Type/FormatMeaning/Example/Combination/Style
Q+が+...どれがあなたのくつですか。 はこの中になにがありますか
Adj+ですこの本は高いです。
Adj+くないですこのへやは広くないです・広くありません。
Adj+Nこれは 高い本です。
Adj+の大きいのは いくらですか。
いちばん (ichiban)the most



JLPT N5 GRAMMAR LISTS. Part 2

Grammer/Grammer Type/FormatMeaning/Example/Combination/Style
けれども (keredomo)but, although
くらい (kurai)about, approximately
に (ni)in, at, to, for
のがすき (no ga suki) like / love doing
つもりだ plan to, intend to
たい (tai) want to



Grammer/Grammer Type/FormatMeaning/Example/Combination/Style
ですThis means "is", "am", or "are" (depending on the situation), though the meaning in English is a lot broader than in Japanese. Some other words (「いる」 and 「ある」) also mean "is", depending on the situation.
This means "too", "and", or "also".
This means "at" or "in", and is used when specifying where something happens.
に/へThis means "to" and indicates such things as location of person or thing, location of short-term action, etc , and is used when describing a destination.
This is a general use preposition. It can mean "in", "at", "to", "for", and other general prepositional phrases, depending on the context.
This denotes the object of an action. Example: あの猫は魚を食べた。 That cat ate the fish.
~ませんかThis means "Won't you ~ ?" or "Shall we ~ ?". It's an invitation.
This denotes a topic.
~がありますThis means "there is". It is used for non-living things (use 「がいます」 for living things).



JLPT N5 GRAMMAR LISTS. Part 4

Grammer/Grammer Type/FormatMeaning/Example/Combination/Style
Place+に+N+がある/いるつくえの上に本があります。
Place+に+N+が+Q+ある/いるつくえの上に本が三つあります。
N+は+Place+にある/いる新聞はテーブルの上にあります。 友だちはあのへやにいます。
これ/それ/あれ/どれこれは本です。 それはノートです。 あれは山です。 あなたのくつはどれですか。
この/その/あの/どのこの本は赤いです。 そのノートは先生のです。 あの人は学生です。 どの本がおもしろいですか。
ここ/そこ/あそこ/どこここに本があります。 そこに本があります。 あそこは仕事です。 駅はどこですか。
N+を/V+てくださいませんかその本をかしてくださいませんか。
V+ましょういっしょにごはんを食べましょう。
V+たり...V+たり本を読んだりテープを聞いたりしました。



JLPT N5 GRAMMAR LISTS. Part 5

Grammer/Grammer Type/FormatMeaning/Example/Combination/Style
~ているいる, when used after the て form of a verb, indicates that an action is ongoing (progressive tense, marked in English by "ing",) or in a certain state.
~にいくIt means to go somewhere or to go do something. If meaning to go do something, the にいく is used after a stem (a verb in its ます form without the ます, for example: the stem of 書き(かき)ます is 書き).
ないでくださいThis means "please don't do", used in place of a ない form of a verb.
~のがすきですIt means to like doing something.
~のがじょうずですIt means to be good at something.
~のがへたですIt means to be bad at something.
まだ~ていませんIt means that someone hasn't done something yet.
~のほうが~よりIt means that something is more (interesting/expensive/etc.) than something else.
~のなかで~がいちばん~It means the best from something or the most (new/old/expensive/likeable/etc.).



Resources used for preparing these lists :

  1. https://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/JLPT_Guide/JLPT_N5_Grammar
  2. https://jlptstudy.net/N5/?grammar-list
  3. https://japanesetest4you.com/jlpt-n5-grammar-list/

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